Mariann Slíz, Personal Names in Medieval Hungary. Beiträge zur Lexikographie und Namenforschung 9, 220 Seiten. ISBN 978-3-935536-09-7.

The book demonstrates the history and characteristics of medieval Hungarian personal name giving. Middle Ages can be regarded asthe most important period in the history of Hungarian personal names: this was the time when canonical names of the shared Europeanname-stock countervailed against the old Hungarian name-stock andwhen the Hungarian family name system took shape.

The book is more than an up-to-date summary of the main results ofHungarian historical anthroponomastics: the author thoroughly introducesthe 13th to 14th-century name-stock and the medieval namingstrategies in Hungary as well. This survey depends upon the author'scorpus of 14,000 name data, collected from 14th-century charters fromthe whole territory of the Hungarian Kingdom.Apropos of given names, besides demonstrating the social, territorialand temporal distribution of the name-stock and its diversity by origin,the book also outlines the changes in the Hungarian name givinghabits after joining in the European Christian culture. Introducing thesehabits, it enlightens the factors which made an impact on name choice(e.g. the influences of the inheritance of names, magical frames of mind, cults of saints and chivalricliterature).As for family names, the author reveals the causes and time of the emergence of this name type inHungary and introduces the Hungarian family name system. She gives an elaborate description of thetypology of bynames (the antecedents of family names) encountered in 14th-century documents, ofthe question of their usage and of the language of their recording.Regarding the use of different name structures, the analysis pays respect to several factors such asthe social standing and gender of name-bearers, their role in the legal process and the 14th-centurypractice of charter-writing. The author, beside the traditional devices of historical onomastics, alsotakes advantage of the opportunity given by textology, pragmatics and communication theory.

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